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Virtual bereavement : how the Lebanese use Facebook to express grief

Show simple item record Azzi, Cynthia Georges 2019-10-02T07:05:39Z 2019-10-02T07:05:39Z 2019-07
dc.identifier.citation Azzi., C. G. (2019). Virtual bereavement : how the Lebanese use Facebook to express grief (Master's thesis, Notre Dame University-Louaize, Zouk Mosbeh, Lebanon). Retrieved from en_US
dc.description M.A. -- Faculty of Humanities, Notre Dame University, Louaize, 2019; "A Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Arts in Media Studies/Advertising"; Includes bibliographical references (68-70 leaves). en_US
dc.description.abstract Facebook profiles of the departed who were once active Facebook users are today being used as virtual space by family and friends to express their grief, connect with the deceased and engage in active memorials. The aim of this thesis is to explore how social network sites (SNS) such as Facebook are being used as a platform for grieving practices in Lebanon. It reveals through research how the Lebanese death rituals are being translated into the virtual world. It also discovers virtual bereavement behaviour and its effects on the stages of grief through the lens of Bowlby’s Attachment Theory. In-depth semi structured interviews were conducted and analysed with ten selected Lebanese Facebook users who had experienced grief online. Findings showed that SNS such as Facebook helped the participants deal with the pain of the loss, the guilt they felt and the missed interaction they had with the deceased. They see it as a platform of sharing expressions and emotions with others in order to get rid of a load of pain felt vis-à-vis dealing with these issues on their own. It would comfort them to talk to the deceased by sending wall messages or private messages even though they knew that the person is not really there. A second finding showed that the continued virtual presence of the deceased through their profile on Facebook gave them comfort and lessened the amount of restless energy that Bowlby (1980) spoke about in the grief theory. The language that people use on social networks is very similar to the language we might hear at a gravesite. A third finding showed that many posts on Facebook by Lebanese people in specific may be exaggerated forms of grieving. Some people post not to lessen their distress but to get attention. It was discovered that some people post exaggerated posts and overly dramatized quotes on the deceased’s page which in turn harms the person in a bereavement process. Lebanese people express grief on Facebook – their new comfort zone. A place where they let go of their pain while grieving and find the deceased they are searching for. en_US
dc.format.extent 171 leaves ; illustrations
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Notre Dame University-Louaize en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject.lcsh Bereavement--Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Facebook (Electronic resource)
dc.subject.lcsh Social media--Lebanon
dc.subject.lcsh Grief
dc.title Virtual bereavement : how the Lebanese use Facebook to express grief en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.rights.license This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 United States License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 US)
dc.contributor.supervisor Mady, Christy, Ph.D. en_US
dc.contributor.department Notre Dame University-Louaize. Department of Media Studies en_US

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