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Department of Nursing and Health Sciences

Department of Nursing and Health Sciences

Recent Submissions

  • Tayoun, Vera Halim (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Introduction: Food safety has been evolving tremendously in the past century and its importance in food industries is now very well established. However, with all the regulations, training, audits and inspections foodborne outbreaks continue to happen. Food safety climate has a great impact on food safety output of food companies. However, the organizational characteristics, food handlers’ behavior, knowledge and motivation of individual employees could also contribute to the food safety output. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the major factors contributing to the food ...
  • Tomazou, Jennifer C. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018)
    Background: Olive Oil (00) is premium oil which plays an important part of the Mediterranean cuisine due to its nutritional and sensory characteristics. Studies highlight the nutritional benefits associated with the consumption of 00 including the low level of saturated fatty acids (SFA), the high level of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and the moderate level of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) along with minor constituents including phenolic compounds. Studies highlight the importance of phenolic compounds as they are the major bioactive of 00 which contribute to its sensory, organoleptic ...
  • Fahed, Myriam Nagi (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018)
    Background: Worldwide, the prevalence of insulin resistance ranges from 15.5% to 46.5%, among adults. Lebanon reported one of the highest rates reaching 44.6%. The literature is suggesting an association between dairy product consumption and insulin resistance, however results are still inconclusive. To our knowledge, no study has examined this association in the Middle Eastern Region. Objectives: Examine the association between dairy products' consumption and insulin resistance in a sample of Lebanese adults and to assess the effect of different types of dairy products on insulin ...
  • Dib, Jessica (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018)
    Introduction: Eating disorders (ED) are one of the most common psychiatric illnesses that may lead to physical and psychosocial morbidity in children and young adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of eating disorders symptoms and its associated risk factors among children and young adolescents in Lebanese schools. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 253 students aged between 8-13 years old, living in Lebanon. Participants were recruited from private schools located in Mount Lebanon. Each student were interviewed to collect information related ...
  • Al Ayash, Souad (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020)
    Wild edible plants have attracted an increasing interest from researchers as they represent important inexpensive sources of nutrients, minerals, antioxidants and vitamins, as well as natural treatments for diseases. The genus Scorzonera includes about 170 species distributed worldwide, many species of this genus are either consumed as raw vegetables or cooked. In addition to their edible properties, some of the species ha ve been used in traditional medicine for various purposes. Nine species of the genus Scorzonera are found in Lebanon, with one of the nine species, Scorzonera Pheopappa ...
  • Kosseifi, Nathalie (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Thyme intake assessment is gaining significance because thyme is becoming a global staple food and its use has been on the rise. Limited research has been done on the assessment of dietary patterns on thyme and thyme products in Lebanon. The aim of this study was conducted for this purpose, a developed FFQ was carried on a convenient sample of 1555 adult participants. Out of the total, 1523 persons (97.9%) consumed at least one thyme product. The mean consumption of thyme products was estimated to be 425.5 g/day, providing an estimated 31.4 g/day of thyme. Thyme pie had the highest mean intake ...
  • Dagher, Sabine (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020-12)
    Background and objective: The world average yield of wheat, rice, and maize has doubled 20 folds since 1964 due to the increase in pesticide use. Glyphosate, a broad spectrum herbicide, is globally used in crop production and is residual in soil and water. Several research findings on glyphosate residues in different food groups and human exposure remain controversial as to whether or not it increases the risk of cancer and other health implications. In Lebanon, there is no current data to estimate glyphosate concentration and exposure in different food groups. This study quantified glyphosate ...
  • Abdelkhalek, Salwa A. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is one of the oldest known edible fruits that grow in the Mediterranean region, Southeast Asia, and Himalayas .Pomegranate is believed to have a high antioxidant activity because of its richness in active secondary metabolites such as phenolic acids, tannins and flavonoids, including anthocyanins, flavanols, and flavonols. Pomegranate molasses is a traditional condiment that can be obtained by boiling of pomegranate juice without the further addition of sugar or other additives. It is commonly used to improve the taste and aroma characteristics of salads and ...
  • Bahri, Hanaa (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    The genus Cercis (redbud) belongs to the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the plant family Fabaceae (Leguminosae). It includes 10 recognized species scattered widely across the warm, north-temperate zones of North America and Eurasia. Cercis siliquastrum is native to Lebanon found in altitudes ranging between 0-800m. The flowers are edible, with sweet to sour taste, used as salad garnish, and can be drunk as tea to relief stomach aches. Flowers are known to be rich in phytochemicals that are strongly associated with reduced risk of developing chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, and ...
  • Bou Ajram, Dima (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021-03)
    The pomegranate fruit is considered a functional food because of its bioactive compounds mainly phenolic compounds. Pomegranate molasses (PM) is a key ingredient in the Lebanese and Middle Eastern cuisine. The effects of accelerated shelf life testing (ASLT) on the total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), the antioxidant and antidiabetic activities (% DPPH scavenging activity, DPPH IC50, % Fe2+ chelating activity, and α‐glucosidase and α‐amylase IC50 antidiabetic inhibitory activity) of the Lebanese homemade PM have never been evaluated. Moreover, the effect of glutathione ...
  • Abdessater, Marilyn (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Food packaging has a critical role in all food types and along the food chain from product preservation to transportation, distribution, storage, retailing, and end-use. However, it can become a source of contamination and transfer of microorganisms to the packed food when its hygienic status is not well maintained. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Prerequisite programs (PRPs) implementation in 5 food packaging companies across Mount Lebanon through on-site inspections and to assess the compliance of contact surfaces, employee hands and packaging materials to microbiological specifications. ...
  • Farsoun, Cynthia Georges (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Introduction: according to the global report on drug use, the prevalence of people who use drugs (PWUD) and hence require treatment are estimated to be more than a quarter of a billion worldwide. Malnutrition is highly prevalent among PWUD and hyperphagia is also present in the early phases of treatment. Objective: this study aimed to assess the association between weight gain amongst PWUD currently undergoing treatment for recovery whether in the rehabilitation centers or the opioid substitution therapy (OST) program centers in Lebanon. Methods: this was a cross-sectional study, where demographics ...
  • Makhlouta, Mayce (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Background: Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. The prevalence of smoking and metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing globally and in Lebanon. The objectives of this study are to assess the prevalence of tobacco use (waterpipe, cigarette, cigar, pipe, smokeless tobacco products) and to examine the independent associations between tobacco and MetS/ MetS components (low high-density lipoprotein, elevated triglyceride, hypertension, impaired fasting glucose and abdominal obesity) among a sample of Lebanese adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried ...
  • Dgheim, Nada (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020-01-30)
    Salt is one of the most used food additives not only to improve taste, but also for preservation and different functional properties. In recent years, there is a notable growing body of evidence demonstrating that salt is contaminated by extraneous substances such as microplastics. Many substances with adverse health effect such as heavy metal and endocrine disruptors can adhere to microplastics or enter as inherent part of the plastic end product. Plastics end up in body of water such as oceans and seas. This is the case in Lebanon where very little portion of plastics are recycled and the rest ...
  • Boutros, Christelle (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Background: Exclusive breastfeeding rates in Lebanon during the first six months of life remain suboptimal. With more women in the workforce and inadequate paid maternity leave, families in Lebanon increasingly rely on child care in nurseries or daycare centers. Internationally, the extent to which daycare centers support and promote breastfeeding is one influencer of maternal decisions to (dis)continue breastfeeding. In Lebanon, little is known about which breastfeeding-related policies, if any, are implemented in daycare centers, as well as the caregivers’ level of knowledge and attitudes ...
  • Bou Dargham, Mira (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020)
    Pomegranate fruit and its derived products are rich sources of bioactive compound that were shown to have many biological activities. Pomegranate molasses (PM) is a thick traditional Middle Eastern syrup used in many recipes for international cuisines from around the world, including the Lebanese cuisine. It is considered to be a highly nutritious product which makes it of great interest to researchers. The purpose of this study is to assess the phytochemical composition, antioxidant and anti-diabetic properties of homemade and commercial PM consumed in Lebanon using samples collected from ...
  • Tahtouh, Rawane (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020)
    Recently, high levels of heavy metals in several Lebanese foods were reported, which has raised the issue that today, many Lebanese products could be contaminated with heavy metals and toxins. Knowing that no regulations, effective control or corrective actions from the Lebanese government are present, there is a need to assess the exposure of the Lebanese to those contaminants through its consumption. The objective of this study was to assess the exposure of the Lebanese population to heavy metals through the consumption of white pitta bread and to evaluate the health risks of its consumption ...
  • Yahya, Lara (Notre Dame University-Louaize., 2020)
    Background: School-based breastfeeding education (SBBE) may help increase breastfeeding rates in the long run by targeting the young generation’s knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates in Lebanon are suboptimal in part due to negative attitudes and misinformation. While recent evidence suggests Lebanese schools offer limited SBBE, high school teachers at two large Lebanese schools seemed keen to receive training and incorporate SBBE into their classes. Determinants of their students’ breastfeeding intentions have been identified, but the need to assess parents’ consent ...
  • El Hachem, Corine (Notre Dame University-Louaize., 2020-05)
    Introduction: Orthorexia Nervosa (ON), or the obsession with healthy eating is a new eating disorder that has gained popularity in the recent years. A very limited amount of literature exists regarding ON in Arab countries including Lebanon. The objective of the current study was to assess the prevalence of ON in a representative sample of Lebanese university students, and different factors that might affect ON development. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on 349 university students from three Lebanese regions: Mount Lebanon, North, and Shouf. The ORTO-15 scale was used to assess ON ...
  • Salloum, Talia (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020-06-10)
    Spices and herbs are widely used in almost all types of food preparation and their microbial contamination may pose spoilage and public health risk. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of spices and herbs commercialized in Lebanon. A total of 480 samples of thirteen most commonly consumed types of spices and herbs were collected at two complete sets at three months interval. Each type was purchased in 5 common brands from 4 categories: packaged in companies with Food Safety Management System (FSMS), packaged in companies without FSMS, packaged imported, and ...

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