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Department of Nursing and Health Sciences

Department of Nursing and Health Sciences

Recent Submissions

  • Farsoun, Cynthia Georges (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Introduction: according to the global report on drug use, the prevalence of people who use drugs (PWUD) and hence require treatment are estimated to be more than a quarter of a billion worldwide. Malnutrition is highly prevalent among PWUD and hyperphagia is also present in the early phases of treatment. Objective: this study aimed to assess the association between weight gain amongst PWUD currently undergoing treatment for recovery whether in the rehabilitation centers or the opioid substitution therapy (OST) program centers in Lebanon. Methods: this was a cross-sectional study, where demographics ...
  • Bou Ajram, Dima (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    The pomegranate fruit is considered a functional food because of its bioactive compounds mainly phenolic compounds. Pomegranate molasses (PM) is a key ingredient in the Lebanese and Middle Eastern cuisine. The effects of accelerated shelf life testing (ASLT) on the total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), the antioxidant and antidiabetic activities (% DPPH scavenging activity, DPPH IC50, % Fe2+ chelating activity, and α‐glucosidase and α‐amylase IC50 antidiabetic inhibitory activity) of the Lebanese homemade PM have never been evaluated. Moreover, the effect of glutathione ...
  • Makhlouta, Mayce (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Background: Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. The prevalence of smoking and metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing globally and in Lebanon. The objectives of this study are to assess the prevalence of tobacco use (waterpipe, cigarette, cigar, pipe, smokeless tobacco products) and to examine the independent associations between tobacco and MetS/ MetS components (low high-density lipoprotein, elevated triglyceride, hypertension, impaired fasting glucose and abdominal obesity) among a sample of Lebanese adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried ...
  • Dgheim, Nada (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020-01-30)
    Salt is one of the most used food additives not only to improve taste, but also for preservation and different functional properties. In recent years, there is a notable growing body of evidence demonstrating that salt is contaminated by extraneous substances such as microplastics. Many substances with adverse health effect such as heavy metal and endocrine disruptors can adhere to microplastics or enter as inherent part of the plastic end product. Plastics end up in body of water such as oceans and seas. This is the case in Lebanon where very little portion of plastics are recycled and the rest ...
  • Boutros, Christelle (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Background: Exclusive breastfeeding rates in Lebanon during the first six months of life remain suboptimal. With more women in the workforce and inadequate paid maternity leave, families in Lebanon increasingly rely on child care in nurseries or daycare centers. Internationally, the extent to which daycare centers support and promote breastfeeding is one influencer of maternal decisions to (dis)continue breastfeeding. In Lebanon, little is known about which breastfeeding-related policies, if any, are implemented in daycare centers, as well as the caregivers’ level of knowledge and attitudes ...
  • Bou Dargham, Mira (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020)
    Pomegranate fruit and its derived products are rich sources of bioactive compound that were shown to have many biological activities. Pomegranate molasses (PM) is a thick traditional Middle Eastern syrup used in many recipes for international cuisines from around the world, including the Lebanese cuisine. It is considered to be a highly nutritious product which makes it of great interest to researchers. The purpose of this study is to assess the phytochemical composition, antioxidant and anti-diabetic properties of homemade and commercial PM consumed in Lebanon using samples collected from ...
  • Tahtouh, Rawane (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020)
    Recently, high levels of heavy metals in several Lebanese foods were reported, which has raised the issue that today, many Lebanese products could be contaminated with heavy metals and toxins. Knowing that no regulations, effective control or corrective actions from the Lebanese government are present, there is a need to assess the exposure of the Lebanese to those contaminants through its consumption. The objective of this study was to assess the exposure of the Lebanese population to heavy metals through the consumption of white pitta bread and to evaluate the health risks of its consumption ...
  • Yahya, Lara (Notre Dame University-Louaize., 2020)
    Background: School-based breastfeeding education (SBBE) may help increase breastfeeding rates in the long run by targeting the young generation’s knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates in Lebanon are suboptimal in part due to negative attitudes and misinformation. While recent evidence suggests Lebanese schools offer limited SBBE, high school teachers at two large Lebanese schools seemed keen to receive training and incorporate SBBE into their classes. Determinants of their students’ breastfeeding intentions have been identified, but the need to assess parents’ consent ...
  • El Hachem, Corine (Notre Dame University-Louaize., 2020-05)
    Introduction: Orthorexia Nervosa (ON), or the obsession with healthy eating is a new eating disorder that has gained popularity in the recent years. A very limited amount of literature exists regarding ON in Arab countries including Lebanon. The objective of the current study was to assess the prevalence of ON in a representative sample of Lebanese university students, and different factors that might affect ON development. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on 349 university students from three Lebanese regions: Mount Lebanon, North, and Shouf. The ORTO-15 scale was used to assess ON ...
  • Salloum, Talia (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020-06-10)
    Spices and herbs are widely used in almost all types of food preparation and their microbial contamination may pose spoilage and public health risk. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of spices and herbs commercialized in Lebanon. A total of 480 samples of thirteen most commonly consumed types of spices and herbs were collected at two complete sets at three months interval. Each type was purchased in 5 common brands from 4 categories: packaged in companies with Food Safety Management System (FSMS), packaged in companies without FSMS, packaged imported, and ...
  • Maalouf, Jessica Gaby (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018-12)
    Background -- Olive oil (OO) has been widely known as a main source of lipid in the Mediterranean diet. Over the years, the interest in virgin olive oil (VOO) consumption boosted due to its sensory properties characterized by its unique taste, flavor and color; and its health properties exerted by its monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), tocopherols, and phenolic compounds. Phenols are minor compounds with antioxidant capacities that contribute positively to OO shelf life and stability to oxidation. Literature data have shown that several agro-industrial factors including harvesting time, ...
  • Hindieh, Joséphine (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018-05)
    Background – Breastfeeding is an effective public health intervention that improves infants and mothers’ health worldwide. Exclusive breastfeeding rates in Lebanon are low. The extent to which gynecologists, pediatricians, and family doctors in Lebanon play a role in women’s breastfeeding practices is not well-understood. Lebanese physicians’ perceived and actual knowledge, beliefs about the benefits of breastfeeding, and self-efficacy in supporting breastfeeding are also not fully investigated. Methods – In this pilot cross-sectional study, we used interview-administered questionnaires to ...
  • Bteich, Suzanne (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018-10)
    Background – Increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity is a major worldwide problem associated with many metabolic abnormalities. Compliance is poor with lifestyle modifications required for losing weight and maintaining long-term weight loss. There are no highly efficacious and safe therapeutic drugs for weight-loss, and few medications are approved for long-term management of obesity. In recent years, the use of supplements for weight loss has steadily increased among US and European adults. Weight loss supplements are easily available without prescriptions and do not require strict ...
  • Mekanna, Alexandria Nivelle (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019)
    Background and objective: Glyphosate, a nonselective herbicide widely-used in crop production, persists in food products leading to residues. Research findings on the health effects of glyphosate are highly controversial due to a perceived conflict of interest by the majority of research funders who are glyphosate manufacturers themselves. Glyphosate residues are detected in various tested food products globally, but data about exposure in Lebanon is lacking. Bread is a stable food in the Lebanese diet and the extend of its contamination with glyphosate is unknown. This study aimed at determining ...
  • Issa, Aline (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018-05-15)
    Background: Olive oil is a vital component in the Lebanese diet and Lebanon is known for its contribution to the global production of olive oil. During the process of olive oil extraction, a brownish black effluent is also produced called Olive mill waste water (OMWW). OMWW is disposed into the environment causing serious polluting problems harming the aquatic and terrestrial organisms and reaching the underground water as well. OMWW contains considerable amount of phenolic compounds with antioxidant properties. In Lebanon, no study did extract and assess the levels of these phenolic compounds ...
  • Bedran, Priscilla (Notre Dame University-Louaize., 2019)
    Lebanese bread is a staple food consumed with every meal and great vehicle for a range of nutrients. Nowadays, manufacturers use nutrition and health claims (NHC) to communicate the nutrients contents and benefits of the food while increasing sale and competitiveness. In absence of stringent standards regulations and control, misleading claims could jeopardize consumers’ public health. The aim of this study was to examine pre-packaged Lebanese breads in Mount Lebanon, to assess their compliance with the Lebanese (LIBNOR NL 661:2017) and/or international standard CODEX (CAC/GL 23-1997) to carry ...
  • Al Mourawed, Hala Saeed (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019-05)
    Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health and food security. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of the pathogenic bacteria Salmonella spp. and E. coli in fresh and frozen red meat and meat organs collected from different supermarkets and butcher shops across Mount Lebanon and further evaluate their antimicrobial resistance. A total of 80 beef meat samples were collected from butchers and supermarkets in Mount Lebanon between February 2017 and December 2018. Bacterial isolation and biochemical identification were conducted using the API method. Using the ...
  • Saade, Marianne (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019-05)
    Introduction: Eating Disorders (ED) are currently among the most important mental disorders in adolescents and young adults. Contradictory results are observed when studying the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among people with ED. Moreover, this vitamin plays several important roles in the human body which makes its deficiency an additional concern. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and correlates (mainly vitamin D status) of a positive screen for ED among Notre Dame University (NDU) employees. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed among 270 NDU employees working at the main, ...
  • Majdalani, Lea (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019-05)
    Insulin resistance plays a fundamental role in the pathophysiology of many chronic diseases including Type II diabetes, cardiovascular and metabolic abnormalities. There is an increasing interest in assessing the association between insulin resistance and vitamin D status. Vitamin D deficiency predominates in the Middle East where more than half of the population is deficient. This cross-sectional study aims to explore the association between vitamin D status and insulin resistance among university employees. In September 2016, an email was sent to all the employees of Notre Dame University (NDU) ...
  • Hilani, Pamela (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019-05)
    Background: High prevalence of suboptimal vitamin D status has paralleled the obesity epidemic; thus there has been a growing scientific interest in understanding the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and adiposity. Given the 1) high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Lebanon 2) lack of evidence on the association between body fat distribution (BFD), particularly direct measures of BFD, and serum vitamin D levels 3) lack of simultaneous control for important confounding variables, including indices of body composition, our study is the first to explore the association between a ...

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