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Browsing Theses and Dissertations by Title

Browsing Theses and Dissertations by Title

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  • Abou-Jaoude, Abdo Milad (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 1998-05)
  • Al Youssef, Jad (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019-05)
    The aim of this thesis is to study the impact of a three-year-study of computer science at Notre Dame University on the students’ academic performances. For this reason, the GPAs of the students after their first year of study were compared with their GPAs upon graduation. To perform this, a Decision Tree, as well as Neural Networks were used. These algorithms helped us to predict the final GPA based on the first two semesters’ GPA. In addition, the most decisive courses on the student GPA were identified. For this reason, Relief algorithm was used to identify the three most important courses ...
  • Dhaini, Bassel H. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2004)
    The aim of data mining as a scientific research is developing methods to analyze large amounts of data in order to discover interesting regularities or exceptions. Typical problems, which should be resolved during developing effective data mining algorithms, arise from the large sizes of both: The data sets used in the data mining process and the patterns results sets (for example in rules) which form discovered knowledge. Scientific researchers are oriented to find the most advantageous (i.e. most effective) solutions both during the data preparation stage and exploration and finally post- ...
  • Geagea, Marybel (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019-05)
    The Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart (CAPTCHA) is a test used to differentiate between humans and machines. In this thesis, we have implemented a deep neural network architecture to automatically recognize CAPTCHAs. The main idea behind this thesis is to test the reliability of test-based CAPTCHAs in differentiating between humans and machines. We utilized convolutional neural networks instead of the conventional strategies of CAPTCHA breaking which, typically, use segmentation techniques. Our model is comprised of 8 layers to learn textbased images; ...
  • Hatoum, Oussama (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2004)
    This thesis aim is defining a new meaning for microprogramming as we know it. Microprogramming was seen from two different views. In commercial applications microprogramming was treated primarily as an emulation tool. This allowed systems such as the IMB system/386 to implement both backward and forward compatibility. In military applications microprograming was considered as a tool for building optimized and fault tolerance control units. Dynamic and user microprogramming are usually used to refer to the same concept. In this thesis we will make a clear distinction between the two terms. User ...
  • Keyrouz, Karam (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018-02)
    Nearly 1.3 million people die in road crashes each year and 20 to 50 million people are injured or disabled. This made automated car accident prevention and detection a topic of extreme interest worldwide. However, as of yet, the different systems that have been proposed and implemented, do not take underdeveloped countries into account despite their greater need. This is probably due to the fact that this problem is already hard enough to tackle without adding more constraints to it. In addition, these constraints have not been identified and lack of awareness regarding the importance of this ...
  • Shammas, Shady J. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 1999)
    Over the last few years, LAN technologies have been driven by the need to support an increasing number of users as well as bandwidth intensive applications. As new and existing network applications evolve to embrace high-resolution graphics, video and other rich media types, pressure is growing at the desktop, the server, the hub and the switch for increased bandwidth. All this has led to new network protocols needed to support the amount of information required. In this thesis, we will briefly review conventional networking protocols and internetworking devices. Then we present a table comparing ...
  • Farah, Fahed E. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2005)
    The purpose of this thesis is to discuss the methods used to evaluate open source software in content management systems, and take a real case using open source content management software and illustrate the problem, evaluate the software, apply the evaluation methods and study its features. The software in this case is called Zope, which is an open source software application server used to design and build content management systems, intranets, portals and applications that are traditionally used. This software is written in the Python language, one of the most highly efficient object oriented ...
  • Mansour, Mélanie (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019)
    Big data is an evolved term for large volume of unstructured, semi-structured and structured data having the potential to be used and mined for information in machine learning projects and other advanced analytics applications. Big data is the new driver of the world societal changes and economic. The world’s data collection is reaching a tipping point for major technological changes that can bring different ways in finance, decision-making, cities, managing our health, and education. Latest technological improvements in computing, data handling, data storage, and trading have transformed the ...
  • Gemael, Nader A. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018-05)
    Cloud computing ecosystem is one of the trends currently being discussed in the domain of information technology and computing. Computing ecosystem allows smart usage of technology which means unneeded resources are saved such as power, computing resources, spaces for datacenters as well as saving huge amount of CO2 and electric circuit boards and machines. Cloud federation and its underlying techniques, is considered role model in sharing and expanding cloud business to provide better and cheaper services for end-users. In this thesis, we will survey and compare existing Identity Access Management ...
  • Jurascovitch, Elie M. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2002)
    The purpose of this thesis is to study distributed applications in the context of heterogeneous clients (Web browser, mobile) and business-to-business (B2B) integration. Two distributed architectures, leaders of the distributed applications market are presented and compared: Microsoft's .NET, and Sun's Java Enterprise Java Beans (J2EE). After this comparative study, we chose .NET to develop an e- commerce application (Jurasco Style electronic shop) in order to outline the major application architectural issues and solutions offered by .NET technology. Our study also shows how the .NET Jurasco ...
  • Jabbour, Joseph A. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2005)
    The purpose of this thesis is to plan, design, and implement a real and complete lifetime solution for many applications to provide developers and designers with a strong and a good pattern for future development. We have developed a well structured solution, which is basically meant for helping anyone who is involved in the software development cycle in (i) separating the layers, as well as (ii) shortening the development time of the user interface layer, and (iii) controlling the flow of these interfaces. Not to forget (iv) helping the developer with the creation of the data entities, this ...
  • Kamouh, Walid A. (Notre Dame University-Louaize., 2000-07)
    The internet is once again suffering from its own success. Since 1995, there has been a massive increase in demand for internet services, resulting in an exponential growth of the Internet. We have entered now an era where the users of the Internet are unable to obtain the bandwidth needed to support their applications, and they are experiencing high packet loss. Packet loss problem arises whenever the number of packets arriving at a given router is much higher than its buffering space. The main goal of this thesis is to find adaptive schemes capable of optimizing the communication network ...
  • Wakim, Tony H. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2000)
    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have gone a great way since it has started as a science. GIS is making headlines in a number of disciplines and, through its advancement, has improved our ability to model our real world. In the past years the need to support the storage and retrieval of dynamic changes, which occur to our data, has increased which consequently led to the interest in spatio-temporal behavior in GIS. These years have also seen the birth of several spatio-temporal data Models, whose aim is to support this spatio-temporal behavior. The main aim behind Spatio-Temporal support is ...
  • Ibrahim, Rita Jack (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2000-06)
    In this thesis, we investigate the use of neural networks for solving the Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP). First, we review the main elements of the theory of NP-completeness. Then, we explain what makes some problems computationally intractable. We review some heuristic approaches used to provide near-optimal solutions to NP-complete problems. Then, we introduce the topic of neural networks and describe some of the most popular neural network models. We pay a special attention to a recent model, named the Hybrid Neural Network model (HNN), used for solving optimization problems and the Hybrid ...
  • Yazbeck, Khalil Nazih (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2001)
    This thesis deals with the communication network performance of the Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) distributed database system. The Automatic Vehicle Location system is used to real-time track the movement of vehicles, traveling along a large geographical area. The full control of the movement of these vehicles requires the use of many communication systems such as Global Positioning system, Packet switching network and distributed database systems including vehicle position databases. The main goal of this thesis is to minimize the update response time in a real-time fully replicated distributed ...
  • Samia, Mireille I. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2001-06)
    Internet Multicast service extends the Internet point-to-point unicast delivery to a multi-point delivery. Multicasting means that a datagram is sent to multiple sites at more or less the same time. To support real-time multimedia, the minimization of delay without loosing the reliability of the network is required. To achieve this goal, we have proposed to change the architecture of a multicast one-stage network to a multicast hierarchical two-stage network. We have proved that by giving additional functionalities (such as back-up and error correction) to the intermediate sites (i.e. mrouters) ...
  • Khalil, Fadi Y. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018)
    With the advancement in computing and wireless technologies, the world has witnessed a growing number of connected devices to the Internet at an unpretending rate. Fog computing emerges as an alternative solution to reduce the burden of Data Centers in traditional Cloud Computing and to support geographically distributed, latency sensitive, and QoS-aware IoT appliations. Fog Computing suggests, that the intelligence should move from the data centers to the edge of network. The main objective of this thesis is to determine the significance and feasibility of implementing a broker node between ...
  • Rizk, Sara (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2019-05)
    Taxon identification is highly needed for a wide variety of research including ecology, agronomy and medicine. As of 1970, classification of plants was introduced into computer vision techniques. Most research conducted in this area focuses on leaves due to their availability as well as their ability to discretize. The most common features researchers base their work on are shape, texture and venation. This research study proposes a dual path, dual feature model for plant leaf identification. We weigh our research on shape and venation features. Sobel operators are used for primary and secondary ...
  • Aad, Elie (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2002)
    Mining association rules has been an important topic in data mining research in recent years from the standpoint of supporting human-centered discovery of knowledge. The present day model of mining association rules suffers from the following shortcomings: (i) lack of user exploration and control, (ii) lack of focus, (iii) huge number of rules technically unreadable. All data mining researchers, have given a high importance on developing fast algorithms for rules discovery, and have applied different types of constraints in different algorithms to prune item sets, that do not occur frequently ...

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