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RAMEZ G. CHAGOURY FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, ARTS & DESIGN

RAMEZ G. CHAGOURY FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, ARTS & DESIGN

Recent Submissions

  • Chamoun, Marlyse (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2012-01)
    This thesis observes the readability and the legibility of the selected fonts and sizes in the information web pages by the performance of web designers and how this issue may affect the rate of comprehension while reading on screen. It considers how four different fonts may influence the rate of comprehension, the typefaces Georgia, Verdana with their sizes 8, 10, and 12 pt, which are made to be read on screen in information web pages in comparison to those of Arial and Times new Roman that are displayed on the web pages on computer screens by the web designers. A problematic question was raised ...
  • Achaa, Millie (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2015)
    I have read in Aidoo’s Dilemma of a Ghost that it is sometimes assumed by the west that Africans were incapable of coherent reasoning. With this ambiguous implication, one is forced to conclude that, this meant that African ethnicities and their visual art designs lacked the matter and the form which made the other groups of mankind supposedly think more logically. I intend to dispel such myths as far as Acholi of Uganda are concerned by introducing a peak look through the designs of living expressed in the Acholi ethnicity. I hope, through this little work that scholars of other academic ...
  • Melki, Henry (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2015)
    As technology evolved, its user reliance increased in many domains as it provided a range of new opportunities in the process of creativity and design. The notion concerning whether these advancements are improvements or not, is debatable since they gave certain results but were also the reason behind the emergence of a new problematic. In the field of animation, it is not strange to see the re-occurring term “The Uncanny Valley” in critiques of realistically animated films. This term was proposed by Dr. Masahiro Mori to describe a drop in likeness of realistically rendered characters after they ...
  • Fatayri, Bassel (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2022)
    Vernacular architecture (VA) can be a model for sustainable architecture (Mirahmadi and Altan, 2017), while maintaining harmony with the context, environment, climatic conditions, and uses local available materials. Vernacular practices vary by the use of techniques, materials, and methods of construction in order to minimize the negative impact on the environment (Al Tawayha et al., 2019). It bears a cultural identity that is often lost in some rural areas and has developed strategies that are considered as climatic responsive, minimize the energy consumption, and assure the indoor thermal ...
  • Hamwi, Sarah Abed El Kader (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2013)
    The issue of health is a major concern for most people; therefore, I have chosen a field that combines this concern with my discipline, namely, design. This project will tackle the issue of nutritional facts label design, which has a direct correlation with consumers' health, since, according to the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA), the nutritional facts label is the source of information that communicates the serving size and lists the weights of the macronutrients (fats, carbohydrates, protein) of the recommended dietary allowance of a 2000-calorie diet (the average of calories required per ...
  • El Khoury, Leyla (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2013)
    Preoccupied with the Arabic language’s complexity, and striving to find one common pointer of educational strength, this thesis, epistemological in its core, deals, manifestly with typographic issues. Nevertheless, it engages in the cultural, psychological, and neurological in order to serve the educational. It builds upon substantiated historical study of the genetic descent of the letters in general and the Arabic alphabet arbitrariness in particular with their respective cross-cultural interpretations along with related criticisms. From the naïve Cuneiform system of writing to the most elaborate ...
  • Melki, Habib (USEK Press, 2009)
    Color and ornamentation are remarkable elements present trough diverse forms in the Lebanese architecture. Throughout history, Lebanon has been the crossroad of a variety of cultures and civilizations. Diverse currents coming from the East and the West including the Canaanites, the Phoenicians, the Greek, the Roman, the Franks, the Mamluk, the Ottoman rule and the French mandate carried new forms. Many concepts, new technologies and socio-cultural aspects merged with the local tradition to unfold into what we currently know as Lebanese architecture. The rich historic background contributed to ...
  • Farhat, Tina (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    Public schools guarantee education that is invariably available to pupils, even to those who have financial difficulties. Being easily accessible, attending such schools has remained high until today; in 2019, US public institutions educated over 50.8 million scholars, to which the national average number of pupil per public school was about 526 scholars (Brian D. Ray, 2021). Conversely, public schools in Lebanon do not enclose such high number of students due to their unsatisfactory reputation: most of these schools are in bad conditions, outdated, and have limited classroom resources. Also, ...
  • Daou, Joe (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    In his writings, Wadia Sabra (1876-1952) announced the creation of a “Universal Scale” and a “New Unit of Interval Measurement”. However, it is noteworthy that this particular work lacks precise information related to its numbers. This study aims to reconstruct and reveal the related numbers and tables, by researching Wadia Sabra’s archive. Also, this study reviews the acoustical and musical characteristics of this particular work of Sabra, its validity, and its possible new input to the musical field.
  • El Hage, Yasmin Hamze (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018)
    Many university students work in poorly designed facilities and these environments negatively affect them, by causing physical discomfort and posing a threat to their wellbeing. Additionally, studies show that the physical environment can affect students’ wellbeing, satisfaction, and productivity. This research explores the effect of desks in educational facilities on students’ wellbeing. It proposes to address the characteristics of desks that would enhance physical wellbeing among students through a despecialized approach. The research investigates the current state of desks within the three ...
  • Abi Fadel, Aline (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    [MOTIVATION] Throughout history, art and aesthetics have been a fundamental part of human life. Our ancestors carved their life stories in caves, and temples, whereas in our postmodern society, individuals have become detached from art and began observing rather than understanding its aesthetic reactions. Art reflects life occurrences, believes and fantasies. This study will tackle the following questions: To which extent can art generate erotic fantasies and aesthetics on canvas? Which notions and techniques in erotic abstract painting may be used to project, and visualize aesthetics of one’s ...
  • Barakat-El Asmar, Patricia (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2007)
    February 14, 2005, a day to remember for the Lebanese. Prime Minister (PM) Rafik Hariri was assassinated in a car explosion in Beirut. Hariri was always a popular figure but his assassination led him to symbolic status. Mass demonstrations followed, called the Cedar Revolution by the US State Department, Christians and Muslims together demanded their freedom from Syria's grip. But in disagreement, Lebanon's "largest religious group, the Shia, remain[ed] alienated". Along with the demonstration and other reactions of the people was yet another unique way to protest, this being to write graffiti ...
  • Dakdouk, Raweya (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021-08)
    Design excellence seeks architectural solutions that respect historic buildings and sites. Marj Besri dam project is one of the many proposed projects addressing the ongoing water availability problem, in Lebanon. On the one hand, finite resources and high cost restrict the potential of the no-dam alternative for water management such as rainwater harvesting, waste water reuse and groundwater storage (Council for Development and Reconstruction, 2014). On the other hand, several studies focus on the impact of the dam project on the excessive greenhouse gas emissions in the early stages of the ...
  • Estephane, Cynthia J. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    I have been practicing modern singing for five years, pondering the enhancement of my interpretation by applying the techniques I have learned in my classical singing training sessions. My five years of vocal ‘Bel Canto’ lessons allowed my voice to develop and prosper in opera singing. My interest was how and when to use these techniques in modern singing for a better performance and to encourage other singers to consider this essay and to profit from its benefits. The research on the subject encouraged me to develop a master’s thesis. Therefore, the first chapter is devoted to a general ...
  • Kobersi, Lydia (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021)
    The 2020 COVID-19 pandemic caused by highly contagious respiratory diseases brought about unprecedented crises across the world, and a housing crisis among others. Lebanon in particular, which is the context of this study, was heavily impacted by the pandemic, exacerbated by a pre-existing refugee crisis and by the Beirut Port explosion. This study aims to research the characteristics of an emergency shelter that mitigates the spread of contagious respiratory diseases in Lebanese urban areas as the latter are hubs of infectious diseases. In this context, the study researches the characteristics ...
  • Habib, Clara (2021)
    With the increase in the urban world population, the need for sustainable cities has become crucial, and comfortable and livable open spaces are an important aspect for this purpose. However, since open spaces are affected by the urban design of an area, their quality depends on the priorities of the stakeholders and decision makers, and thus might be compromised to the advantage of other needs, such as prioritizing profit over the public good. The thesis addresses comfort in open spaces, specifically within waterfront developments because many growing cities are coastal and thus, have witnessed ...
  • Lahoud, Jessica (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2021-01)
    For the past 30 years, Lebanon has been struggling with housing. Specifically, Beirut’s housing sector faces social, economic, and environmental challenges with the unavailability of adequate housing, unaffordability of prices and lack of energy security. Being one of the oldest in Lebanon, Beirut’s residential stock requires maintenance at the envelope level to bring it up to current energy standards. This thesis focuses on the roofs of the existing stock as they are vulnerable fifth facades, subjected to a Mediterranean climate with 300 sunny days per year, precipitation, and hot and humid ...
  • Reaidy, Farid (2020)
    Lebanon is undergoing a critical economic crisis due to many internal and external factors. This crisis that started in 2015 is showcased clearly in the housing construction sector amplified by the decision of the Central Bank to suspend all subsidized housing loans in 2018. This resulted in an aggravated situation for young couples and low-income households who were heavily relying on these banking facilities. As part of the global strategy to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission, affordable sustainable housing is highlighted as a major aspect for providing the low-income ...
  • Saad Eddine, Nour (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2020)
    Solar Chimney (SC) is a passive design used to enhance natural ventilation and space conditioning in a building, limiting the energy requirement of the building to low operational costs. In Lebanon, high energy consumption of residential buildings is recorded mainly for heating and cooling, marking the highest consumption in the Western Mid Mountain (WMM) climatic zone. Thus, proposing the SC application for limiting this high thermal demand in residential buildings of the WMM zone for both heating and cooling would limit the total energy consumption. SC design has various types (Stand-alone SC ...
  • Al Baba, Rana A. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018-06)
    Place is a word that speaks for itself - a concept both simple and complicated that allows the cultural elite to savour city's life. We can see many manifestations of a certain place; it is what we call "place of memory", where participating in certain activities expresses the spirit of such places. Place and memory intersect together so that every place has a memory, and each memory is related within a place. Memory and its representations touch very significantly upon questions of identity, nationalism, power and authority. This is what Tim Cresswell (2004) discussed fully in his introduction ...

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