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Browsing Department of Accounting and Finance by Title

Browsing Department of Accounting and Finance by Title

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  • Tazian, Arine Varoujean (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2012)
    In this thesis, we will merge into the Lebanese Agriculture Sector, specifically the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon. Study to search excellence in the agriculture and find solutions in making this sector more performant and competitive. This topic was driven by concerns from farmers in our village, Anjar (Bekaa), seeking to make profit from their crops. Unfortunately, the farmers in Lebanon do not have any government support and at the end of the season, if their crops survive they sell them at very low prices to commissioners and not directly to the shops. In order to study the agriculture sector in ...
  • Maalouf, Nisrine Elias (Notre Dame University-Louaize., 2019)
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the ability of EWMA, GARCH (1,1) and EGARCH (1,1) to forecast volatilities of S&P500, SSEC and MICEX, reference to two time periods in the timeframe of the Syrian war. VaR is derived using the HS approach which incorporates in its calculation the volatility of the best chosen model. The added value is the application of EVT in order to determine VaR results, which are compared and analyzed to the results of the HS approach, to define the most accurate approach. Methodology of Work: Returns of the in-sample period prices are used in estimating ...
  • Elias, Joelle (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2012)
    The American Foulbrood (AFB) disease is one of the most serious bee diseases affecting the brood, and causing substantial damage to apiaries. The misuse of antibiotics by beekeepers in order to treat AFB has led to elevated antibiotic residues in Lebanon honey products, constituting one of the major trade barriers affecting export activities to the EU territories. The occurrence of the AFB disease is common in Lebanon. In fact, 53% of the Lebanese beekeepers are suffering from AFB infection with an annual loss 1.7% of their colonies. In an attempt to eradicate this disease, beekeepers are using ...
  • Farah, Ronald (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2007)
    We are living in a world full of relentless change due to the vast effects of globalization. Thus, it is essential to think ahead and be part of this ongoing transformation. This initiative falls within the BLOM bank's vision to be everybody's bank for life and spread services far and wide where it is needed around the globe. Despite the difficult economic and political situation looming over Lebanon since 2005 and beyond the general banking risk that BLOM Bank is exposed to, the bank's strategy is still to grow and increase its earning power through expansion, increase in assets, and maximization ...
  • Semaan, Charbel Youssef (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2007)
    The food service industry is booming in a very high speed these last few years and it is becoming more and more important and we see a lot of competitors in this field. One of the most important companies in the world is Catering Inc. this company is international and we see it in more than 80 countries around the world, one of its expansion is in Lebanon where it distributes healthy and prepared food for Universities and hospitals. As Mm-MBA student and a former worker in this company, we intended to develop this project with the hope of being a good example for an international ...
  • Jbara, Adib Mamdouh (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2008)
    Among the many schools in Lebanon, there has been a growing trend for some schools to adopt a new type of Baccalaureate in Lebanon-the International Baccalaureate. This phenomena warrants an investigation especially since the educational system in Lebanon already has a Baccalaureate program. In order to be able to better understand the reasons behind the implementation of a foreign baccalaureate like the International baccalaureate, we must first consider the qualifications of each Baccalaureate program. this study sought to detail both the International and Lebanese baccalaureates and then ...
  • Badr, Viola Karim (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2013)
    Purpose- This research attempts to assess the merits of the stakeholder/legitimacy theory on one side and the economic/decision usefulness theory on the other side, in explaining the perception of the Lebanese insurance managers about a potential introduction of microinsurance in their respective portfolio of insurance products. The study is conducted from a corporate social responsibility perceptive using socio-political theories, in particular, the stakeholder and legitimacy theory and the economic theories that include agency and decision usefulness theories. Design/methodology/approach- ...
  • Saadeh, Christel (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2013)
    Oil and gold are considered to be the most two strategic commodities. Crude oil is the world’s most frequently transacted commodity while gold has a leading position among the main precious metals. This thesis examines empirically the relationship between gold prices, oil prices and US dollar index. Monthly data for gold prices, oil prices, US dollar index and other controlled variables over a period of 20 years were selected from Bloomberg platform. This thesis uses a unit root test and the Johansen test to check for the existence of cointegration between each pair of selected variables. Further ...
  • Hage, Marianne Georges (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2007)
    Firms attempting to seize new business opportunities for growth through foreign market investments often face complex strategic decisions. The complex international environment is affected by diverse variables, creating risks that are not encountered in the domestic market. This study investigates both country-specific and market-specific factors that should he studied before the expansion strategy is implemented, and formulates a risk assessment and decision making model, applied to the Middle East region in particular. Thus the research hypothesis states the following: This model provides ...
  • Nseir, Albert (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2022-07)
    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the variables affecting house prices in Lebanon in the long run and the short run. Design/ Methodology/ Approach: To answer the above question, data collected is a monthly one covering second half of the year 2013 until February 2021. The dependent variable is average housing price, while independent variables include employment index, construction permits, non-resident deposits, interest rate, CPI, and coincident indicators. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model is applied for the long run and the error correction model (ECM) is ...
  • Zweiny, Abir Maadad (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018)
    Purpose: This study investigates the occurrence of pre-acquisition accrual-based earnings management for a sample of stock- and cash- financed Canadian acquirers between 2005 and 2015 before and after transitioning IFRS in 2010. Design/methodology/approach: Both parametric (t-test) and non-parametric (Wilcoxon test) tests are used to examine the occurrence of accrual-based earnings management in the year preceding the announcement of acquisition. These are compared across stock and cash acquirers as well as before and after the implementation of the IFRS. Findings: Unlike cash acquirers, ...
  • Abou Dargham, Hanadi (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018)
    Purpose: This study investigates the prevalence of accrual-based and real-based earnings management activities prior seasoned equity offerings (SEOs) for a sample of Canadian public firms between 1993 and 2008. This study also examines earnings management trends around reforms in the Canadian corporate governance regime brought by Canadian SOX (CSOX) Act. Design/methodology/approach: Both parametric (t-test) and non-parametric (Wilcoxon test) tests are used to examine the statistical significance of mean and median accrual and real-based manipulation in the year preceding the announcement of a ...
  • Nercessian, Jennifer (2022)
    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to find the best restructuring scenario for Lebanon through simulating what if analysis for local and external debts by taking an assumption of haircut percentages. These scenarios are taken at different estimates of the exchange rates. Additionally, this thesis will put in place reforms and recommendations aiming at promoting the neutralized sectors hoping to resolve the falling economy. Design/methodology/approach: To reach our purpose, we designed a unique regression model for USD/LBP exchange rate estimates since the official, pegged rate of 1,507.5 ...
  • Choucair, Stephanie Antoine (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2018)
    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to shed more light on the impact of corporate governance mechanisms on the Initial Public Offering (IPO) performance of U.S. Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts (REIT) in the short and long run. Design/methodology/approach: I conduct multi-linear regressions on a sample of 89 US REIT IPO for the years 2003 to 2016. I compute the market adjusted excess returns for each of the first 5 days following the IPO to measure short-run IPO performance and the semi-annual cumulative abnormal returns for each of the three years following the IPO to measure ...
  • Abi Saad, Sara (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2016)
    Purpose – the purpose of this research is to examine the effect of ownership structure on the profitability and performance of U.S. banks. It resides in inspecting the power of insiders as well as institutional shareholders and large block-holders on bank’s performance and valuation of US commercial banks during the financial crisis of 2007-2009. Finally, it studies the relation between different factors such as bank size, market value and price earnings ratio and the ROA, ROE, and MTBV of U.S. banks. Research question – this paper aims to study the impact that ownership structure has on the ...
  • Remeily, Shady Elias (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2005)
    The Global financial markets have witnessed great traumas due to several events such as the 2000 US stock market crash, the attack of September I Ph 2001, the Afghani war December 2001, and recently the Iraqi war February 2003, the repercussions of which are being felt till today. These events caused immense turbulence in the stability of the stock market and a collapse of investor confidence. One product of accounting evolution is the use of ratios for analyzing financial statements. Originally developed as short-term credit analysis devices, ratios can be traced as far back as the late ...
  • Sleilaty, Naji (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2012)
    Money transferred by Lebanese immigrants represents a significant percentage of total deposits at banks of GDP. There is therefore a need to study the effect of these remittances. The aim of the thesis is to assess the effect and contribution of the international Lebanese Diaspora on the Lebanese economy. Primary and secondary data were analyzed to back up the argument that there is misuse of remittances, and that corrective actions are required. The study found that the highest relation is between remittances flow and private sector deposits and the weakest relation is between remittances and ...
  • Kmeid, Didier D. (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2013)
    The shipping industry is a major determinant of the Lebanese trade and service sector. Shipping agencies are now aware that their employees are ever more important in sustaining competitive advantage. Provided by adequate front-line assistance, employees can greatly influence customers’ impressions about the shipping company. This study assessed the relationship between each construct of the role stressors – role ambiguity, role conflict and role overload – and job satisfaction for non-managerial employees. Role ambiguity is a state of misunderstanding a person has about his/her role’s expectations. ...
  • Nehme, Tamara (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2015)
    Purpose -- the objective of this thesis is to empirically test the level of interdependence across commodity markets in terms of return volatility spillover, namely, corn, wheat, soybeans and soybeans oil, and to uncover the impact of macroeconomic announcements on the measurement of integration among those commodities. This will help us to investigate the extent to which different agricultural commodities can be considered as an asset class and to determine whether portfolio diversification across different agricultural commodities can still lead to risk reduction benefits, in light of the ...
  • Ghorra, Rola (Notre Dame University-Louaize, 2016)
    Purpose: This research attempts to study employee job satisfaction at Notre Dame University-Louaize. It examines the existence of potential variations of perception with respect to demographic variables, such as age, gender, tenure, position, education and contact with students. Design/methodology/approach: This research is a case of study that uses the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire as a quantitative data collection tool. The philosophical approach is positivism and deductive reasoning approach. Findings: Level of employee satisfaction is associated with demographic variables. ...

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